Difference Between Patent, Copyright, & Trademark

Submitted by asandil on 5/2/2023

The owner of an intellectual property right, such as a patent, copyright, or trademark, has the sole authority to use their creativity for a predetermined amount of time. Business owners who want to register their intellectual property must be aware of the variations between the three registrations in order to protect their intellectual property. The differences between trademarks, copyrights, and patents in India are examined in this article.


What is a Patent?

A patent is a legally granted, time-limited exclusive right to an invention granted to the patentee. When an innovation is protected by a patent, the patentee has the right to prevent anybody from using, manufacturing, distributing, or importing the patented good or method of making it without his or her permission. In India, a new technique or product that involves creative steps and can be used in the industry might be granted a patent.

The legal right known as copyright is awarded to persons who create sound recordings, moving pictures, and literary, artistic, and dramatic works. Factual information, such as names, slogans, abbreviations, procedures, or stories, is not covered by copyright laws. Additionally, copyright does not apply to ideas or thoughts. In order to protect the originality of works generated by writers, artists, designers, playwrights, musicians, architects, and producers of sound recordings, motion pictures, and computer software, copyright is primarily used.

What is Trademark?

A trademark is a graphic symbol, such as a word or phrase, a name, a device, a label, a number, or a combination of colors, that is used by one company on its products or services or other items of commerce to set it apart from competing products or services of a different company. As a result, trademarks are primarily used to protect company names, slogans, and brand names.

New ideas, procedures, or scientific discoveries are protected by patents; brands, logos, and catchphrases are protected by trademarks; and original literary works are protected by copyright.

What Are the 3 Types of Patents?

Design, usefulness, and plant are the three different categories of patents. Patents using the term “utility” cover novel scientific discoveries, material compositions, devices, and procedures. Any person who creates and asexually reproduces a new type of plant may obtain a plant patent. Anybody who develops a novel, ornamental design is eligible for a design patent.

What Is Included in a Trademark?

A trademark is any combination of letters, numbers, or symbols that specifically identifies a commodity or service.


Patent: Regardless of whether a patent application is filed with provisional or complete specifications, its validity is 20 years from the date of filing. However, for PCT-filed international patent applications, the patent is valid for a period of 20 years starting on the date of the international filing.

Copyright: Copyright typically lasts 60 years. The 60-year window is calculated for unique literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works starting in the year following the author’s passing. For cinematograph films, sound recordings, images, posthumous publications, anonymous and pseudonymous publications, works of state, and works of international organizations, the 60-year window is calculated starting from the date of publication.

Trademark: Registrations for trademarks are good for ten years after the date of application. After 10 years, a trademark registration may be renewed by submitting a trademark renewal application.


Depending on the kind of intellectual property you’re attempting to protect, you may want to consider filing for a patent, trademark, or copyright. A new product, logo, or creative work can all be registered with the right organization to help ensure that you can enjoy the results of your labor.