There are various branches of laws, which are regulating the conduct of human beings. Criminal law is a body of rules and statutes that define conduct prohibited by the state because it threatens and harms public safety and welfare and that establishes punishment to be imposing for the commission of such acts. Criminal law differs from civil law, whose emphasis is more on dispute resolution than punishment.
The major chunk of criminal laws that exist today still relies on the British-era laws. According to the Charter Act, 1833, India’s first law commission in 1834 recommended the drafting of the Indian Penal Code. Lord Macaulay, who was the chairman of that law commission, spearheaded its drafting. This is basically a comprehensive enactment describing all major crimes in existence at that time. IPC has seen several amendments since it first came into existence. The Draft Penal Code, which was drafted and submitted to the Governor-General in 1837, was revised and enacted into law in 1860 by the Indian Legislature. The Indian Penal Code based on English principles wholly superseded the Mohammedan criminal law. A general Code of Criminal Procedure followed in 1861 and the process of superseding native by European law, so far as criminal justice is concerned, was completed by the enactment of the Evidence Act of 1872. The Government of India Act, 1935 changed the structure of the Indian Government from unitary to that of the federal type. It laid the foundation for a federal framework in India. A federal Constitution involves the distribution of powers between the center and the constituent units.
Background of the Criminal Justice System in India
As a Law Firm in Delhi, we also provide criminal law services. We have specialized lawyers to deal with criminal related cases. If you are looking for criminal lawyers or need advice for criminal related cases please contact our law firm.
Our Services are as follows:
|Cheque Dishonour Cases
|Assault & Murder Cases
|Criminal Case Trail & Appearance
|Rape & Sexual Harassment Cases
|Arbitration & Mediation
|Banking Fraud Cases
|Cyber Crime Cases
|Quashing of FIR
|FEMA Violation Caes
|Drafting and Filing of Complaints before the Police or Magistrate/Court
|Crimes under the Information Technology Act
|Fraudulent Financial Transactions
|Attemt to Murder
|Outraging Modesty of a Women
|Criminal Trespass of property
|Misappropriation of Funds
|Other criminal matters