The law system that is operational in India is called Indian laws. Most of the provisions in Indian judiciary system are influenced by ancient texts including Arthshastra and Manusmriti. Just like Indian constitution, a large part of these provisions has been drawn from some popular laws of western countries. The Indian constitution itself is a great source of laws that are in effect in the country and there are bodies that issue certain rules to be followed by each and every Indian.
Indian law system is considered to be one of the most complex law systems in the world. The reason lies in its being borrowed from so many countries across the globe. The prime aim of the system is to assure justice and equality to each and every Indian citizen. Each law is also expected to promote democratic values and a liberal society in India.
A few prime branches of Indian law are as follow-
Administrative laws deal with the issues that fall under the domain of public legislation. These laws ensure the effective working of all the government bodies that are responsible for decision-making and have a deep impact upon the public. These bodies primarily include different types of tribunals, boards, and special commissions.
Family laws are an important stream of Indian laws that delivers justice to each and every Indian on the basis of his religion. There are 3 major branches of family laws in India- Hindu Laws, Christian laws and Muslim laws. These laws are very closely related to personal disputes including guardianship, marriage, divorce, inheritance and adoption of children.
Criminal laws in India are formed to punish those who are found guilty of committing criminal offenses. Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the main criminal code of India. This comprehensive code was drafted in the year 1860 during the early British rule. Most of the cases pending in Indian courts solely are of criminal nature.
Civil laws in India deal with the cases and disputes that are of non-criminal nature. These include ownership of property, formation and breach of contracts, issues of child custody and the disputes related to business partnerships etc. All civil laws have come into existence with a view to protect peoples’ personal and intellectual properties.
Labour laws in India protect workers’ rights and take care of their welfare. Be it a Govt. employee or a private one, one is free to raise his voice against any atrocity and injustice done to him by anyone. Labour laws ensure that no person who gives his services to an individual or a company should remain deprived of what he deserves.